Locomotives with front carrying axle; type 200

Locomotives with front carrying axle; type 200

These machines were derived from the Type 49 which had been improved to achieve higher speeds, a goal which the Company had set itself, particularly for lines connecting at both ends with the large companies and for which, for the most part, journey times had to be reduced. On the other hand, the C.F.D. wished to improve their services by offering the public the possibility of faster travel by light trains, which would be free of the maneuvering in the stations.

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Description of the type 200 locomotives

This new type, whose construction had been entrusted to the S.A.C.M. of Belfort, differed from the Charente model by the raising of the stamp of the boiler from 10 to 11 kg and by the increase in the diameter of the driving wheels (1,000 m as opposed to 0.900 m), these two parameters allowing it to maintain the same traction force. The wheelbase and length of the machine had therefore had to be modified. The water tanks had been extended to the front of the cylindrical body, increasing their capacity by 1000 I.

As a result, the resulting new machine, the manufacturer's Type 110, increased its weight by approximately 1 t.

Furthermore, this locomotive had an exterior appearance comparable to the basic type.

The last two examples delivered had direct-charge valves placed on the steam intake dome.

The machines were painted very dark green and the front and rear crossbeams were painted red, bordered in white. The water tanks bore two oval plates, one from the manufacturer at the shelter, the other bearing the name of the company and the registration of the machine. These plates, which had been subjected to the buffer crossings, were white on either side of the centre buffer. For the last two examples, the manufacturer's Type 173 from Graffenstaden, the oval company plate had been replaced by two rectangular plates, one bearing the monogram C.F.D. and the other the vehicle registration.

A rectangular license plate had also been fixed on the smoke box door.

Locomotive type 200, n°207 at the Toulon-sur-Arroux depot
Locomotive type 200, n°207 at the Toulon-sur-Arroux depot

Delivery and assignment of type 200 locomotives

A primitive order of 6 units numbered 201 to 206 was delivered in 1893 to the Saône-et-Loire network for the equipment of the line from Digoin to Etang. Assigned to the Toulon-sur-Arroux depot, they were appreciated for their good track holding, thanks to their front bissel, and their capacity to tow heavy convoys at honourable speeds

It is therefore not surprising to see the Company adopt the same type of locomotives to equip the second line of the network linking Toulon-sur-Arroux to Bourbon-Lancy in 1900. Two additional units were thus supplied by the same manufacturer. Registered 207 to 208, they were attached to the traction annex of Bourbon-Lancy.

Finally, two other examples built in the workshops of Graffenstaden in June 1927, those of Belfort having stopped the construction of locomotives in 1924, were supplied to reinforce the fleet which had become insufficient due to the increase in traffic from the Forges de Gueugnon. Registered 209 to 210, they were based in Toulon-sur-Arroux.

Several changes affected this homogeneous fleet with excellent performance:

Locomotive No. 201 during a lifting operation at the Toulon-sur-Arroux depot
Locomotive No. 201 during a lifting operation at the Toulon-sur-Arroux depot

The other units were reformed in 1953, when the last surviving line of the network was closed, machines n° 208 and 209 having already been parked respectively since February 1933 and April 1935.

Plan of the type 200 series 201-207 locomotives.
Plan of the type 200 series 201-207 locomotives.
Manufacturer's photo of locomotive no. 210, type 200, series 2019-210, in the yard of the S.A.C.M. workshops in Graffenstaden
Manufacturer's photo of locomotive no. 210, type 200, series 2019-210, in the yard of the S.A.C.M. workshops in Graffenstaden
Front view of locomotive No. 209, showing marking details
Front view of locomotive No. 209, showing marking details
DELIVERY TABLE OF THE TYPE 200 LOCOMOTIVES
C.F.D. No.Con.No.ConstructorYear Const. Delivery Date Commissioning DateObservations
2014451SACM Belfort189325.06.9314.08.93Vendue 1950
2024452189323.07.9314.08.93Détruite 1945
2034453189327.06.9314.08.93Vendue 1950
2044454189326.06.9314.08.93Tracteur 204
2054455189304.07.9319.09.93Réforme 1953
2064485189324.10.9317.11.93Réforme 1953
2074951190025.05.0020.06.00Réforme 1953
2084952190025.05.0020.06.00Réforme 1953
2097448SACM Graffen192715.06.2701.08.27Réforme 1953
2107449192715.06.2701.08.27Vendue 1949

source : MTVS 1988-4

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